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Law is involved in almost every aspect of society, therefore lawyers are critical to the way we operate as Americans. According to, there are approximately 352,000 lawyers currently working in the United States. Whether you are curious about a lawyers job description or you are thinking about becoming a lawyer, the goal of this blog article is to give some perspective on what lawyers do and how they help people everyday.

Weekly Tasks for Lawyers

Because the weekly tasks of a lawyer highly depends on their specialization, it can be difficult to give an accurate list for all lawyers. Here is a generic list of things that lawyers might perform throughout the work week:

  • Gather evidence for a case

  • Represent clients in court

  • Interpret laws and applying them to specific cases

  • Negotiate settlements

  • Examine legal data to determine advisability of defending or prosecuting lawsuit

  • Advise clients

  • Present evidence to defend clients or prosecute defendants in criminal or civil litigation

  • Prepare and draft legal documents

  • Supervise legal assistants

  • Act as an agent, trustee, guardian, or executor for businesses or individuals

Types of Lawyers

There are hundreds of law specialties and each field varies in the type of work that is performed. Many lawyers specialize in multiple fields. Here’s a brief list of a few common fields with descriptions of what each profession focuses on:

Corporate Lawyer

A corporate lawyer helps companies with paperwork in all phases of business processes. This type of lawyer also gives advice on how to handle certain situations and gives corporations the resources to stay out of all legal trouble.

Personal Injury Lawyer 

A personal injury attorney advocates for people that have been injured by the fault of someone else. Personal injury cases are very common, so personal injury lawyers are in high demand.

Family Lawyer

Family lawyers help with divorce paperwork, child custody battles, etc. These lawyers are regularly meeting with families to help them solve their problems.

Criminal Lawyer

Criminal lawyers advocate for people that have been charged for committing a crime. Criminal lawyers spend a majority of their time either in the courtroom or preparing to represent their clients. 

Contract Lawyer

A contract is a legal written or spoken agreement. In the business world if someone does not follow the rules of a contract, a contract lawyer can help resolve the dispute.

Employment Lawyer

An employment lawyer handles employee discrimination lawsuits, wage and hour lawsuits, workers’ compensation claims, etc.

Medical Lawyer

A medical lawyer can help with medical malpractice lawsuits. All too often patients are not treated properly in hospitals and they either suffer permanent damage or parish. A medical lawyer can help you get reimbursed for your family’s pain and suffering.

Advisor vs. Advocate

Since there are so many specialties for lawyers, it can be difficult to sort them into categories, but one way to split them into two groups is lawyers that primarily advise and then there are advocate lawyers. Advisors and advocates have very different job descriptions and usually lawyers advocate and advise on a daily basis. 

Advising Lawyers

Advisors usually don’t spend much time in a courtroom and instead focus on giving advice to people or businesses. Someone who acts primarily as an advisor may be called a “transactional lawyer” and their main job would be to counsel people and businesses through certain situations, such as buying property or selling a company. Advisors can either work for a law firm or work for a corporation.

Advocate Lawyers

Advocate lawyers have a very different job description. Although the everyday work varies depending on which law specialty they focus on, most advocate lawyers are regularly meeting with clients, researching for their legal cases, preparing for deposition, preparing for trial, or negotiating settlements. Advocate lawyers that work in criminal law spend the majority of their time defending people that have been charged with a crime.

Hire Barfoot & Schoettker

Lawyers come in many different variations, but in the end they all have the same goal - to help people with their legal issues. If you are in need of legal help, we would love to schedule a free consultation meeting with you. Whether you have suffered a personal injury, experienced medical malpractice, or are in need of criminal representation we would love to advise you in your current situation and help fix any problems that you may have. To schedule a meeting, give us a call at (334) 834-3444 or shoot us an email at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. For the last several years we have taken pride in helping the citizens of Alabama and we look forward to serving the Montgomery area for many more.

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